IDSC systems support multiple file transfer programs such as FileZilla and
PSFTP, and common command line utilities such as
Use cluster head nodes (login nodes) for these types of file transfers.
For transferring large amounts of data from systems outside the
University of Miami, IDSC ACS also offers a gateway server that supports
SFTP and Globus.
Using command line utilities¶
cp to copy files within the same computation system. Use
rsync to transfer files between computational
systems (e.g., scratch space to Visx project space). When executing
multiple instantiations of command line utilities like rsync and scp,
please *limit your transfers to no more than 2-3 processes at a
An example transfer might look like this:
[localmachine: ~]$ scp /local/filename \ email@example.com:/scratch/projectID/directory
To transfer a directory, use the
-r flag (recursive):
[localmachine: ~]$ scp -r /local/directory \ firstname.lastname@example.org:/scratch/projectID/directory
Consult the Linux man pages for more information on scp.
The rsync command is another way to keep data current. In contrast to scp, rsync transfers only the changed parts of a file (instead of transferring the entire file). Hence, this selective method of data transfer can be much more efficient than scp. The following example demonstrates usage of the rsync command for transferring a file named “firstExample.c” from the current location to a location on Pegasus.
[localmachine: ~]$ rsync firstExample.c \ email@example.com:/scratch/projectID/directory
An entire directory can be transferred from source to destination by
using rsync. For directory transfers, the options
transfer the files recursively (
-r option) along with the
modification times (
-t option) and in the archive mode (
option). Consult the Linux man pages for more information on rsync.
The rclone a command-line program that can be used to manage your file over SFTP. Rclone supports over 40 cloud storage backends, as well as standard transfer protocols like SFTP. This is a use case using rclone to migrate data from legacy storage to IDSC CES on apex.idsc.miami.edu using the default rclone on Pegasus, rclone v1.39.
$ ssh pegasus.ccs.miami.edu [pdavila@login4 ~]$ rclone config No remotes found - make a new one n) New remote s) Set configuration password q) Quit config n/s/q> n name> apex ... 18 / SSH/SFTP Connection "sftp" ... Storage> 18 SSH host to connect to Choose a number from below, or type in your own value ... host> apex.idsc.miami.edu SSH username, leave blank for current username, pdavila user> pdavila SSH port, leave blank to use default (22) port> SSH password, leave blank to use ssh-agent. y) Yes type in my own password g) Generate random password n) No leave this optional password blank y/g/n> y Enter the password: password: Confirm the password: password: Path to unencrypted PEM-encoded private key file, leave blank to use ssh-agent. key_file> Enable the user of the aes128-cbc cipher. This cipher is insecure and may allow plaintext data to be recovered by an attacker.. Choose a number from below, or type in your own value 1 / Use default Cipher list. "false" 2 / Enables the use of the aes128-cbc cipher. "true" use_insecure_cipher> Remote config -------------------- [apex] host = apex.idsc.miami.edu user = pdavila port = pass = *** ENCRYPTED *** key_file = use_insecure_cipher = -------------------- y) Yes this is OK e) Edit this remote d) Delete this remote y/e/d> y Current remotes: Name Type ==== ==== apex sftp e) Edit existing remote n) New remote d) Delete remote r) Rename remote c) Copy remote s) Set configuration password q) Quit config e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q [pdavila@login4 rclone]$ rclone lsd apex:/ -1 2022-06-08 12:40:30 -1 hpc -1 2022-06-13 17:25:44 -1 schurerlab [pdavila@login4 rclone]$ rclone mkdir apex:/schurerlab/pdavila
rclone copy command can take hours to complete, we recommend you use the
screen command when running rclone interactively. This way the sync will not terminate prematurally, should your ssh session end.
[pdavila@login4 ~]$ screen [pdavila@login4 ~]$ rclone copy /projects/ccs/schurerlab/cheminfo/pdavila apex:/schurerlab/pdavila [pdavila@login4 ~]$ rclone lsd apex:/schurerlab/pdavila/apps/ -1 2022-06-23 10:36:21 -1 bin -1 2022-06-23 10:36:21 -1 ffmpeg -1 2022-06-23 10:36:21 -1 firefox -1 2022-06-23 10:36:21 -1 wget
FileZilla is a free, user friendly, open source, cross-platform FTP, SFTP and FTPS application.
Download the FileZilla client here: https://filezilla-project.org/download.php?show_all=1 and follow the installation instructions for the appropriate platform (http://wiki.filezilla-project.org/Client_Installation).
Launch FileZilla and open File : Site Manager.
Click the “New Site” button and name the entry. Pegasus example:
Host: pegasus.ccs.miami.edu | triton.ccs.miami.edu | apex.idsc.miami.edu (CES) Protocol: SFTP Logon Type: Normal enter your username and password
Selecting Logon Type: Ask for password will prompt for a password each connection.
Remeber Pegasus and Apex use your IDSC account for authentication. Triton uses your CaneID.
Click the “Connect” button. Once connected, drag and drop files or directories between your local machine and the server.
Using the gateway server¶
To transfer large amounts of data from systems outside the University of Miami, use the gateway server. This server supports SFTP file transfers. Users *must be a member of a project* to request access to the gateway server. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org to request access.
Host: xfer.ccs.miami.edu protocol: SFTP user: caneid pw: [UM caneid passwd] Folder: download/<projectname>
Open an SFTP session to the gateway server using your IDSC account
[localmachine: ~]$ sftp email@example.com sftp> cd download sftp> mkdir <project> sftp> cd project sftp> put newfile